Nuclear fusion has long been hailed as a near-perfect solution to the burgeoning global energy crisis. Centered around the replication of reactions occurring in the sun, this process involves the fusion of two lightweight atoms like hydrogen at extremely high temperatures, resulting in the release of large amounts of energy as well as the creation of a new element altogether (in this case, helium).
Hydrogen being one of the most abundant elements on Earth, nuclear fusion could very well be the answer for unlimited clean energy, produced with almost zero carbon emissions. Despite its many advantages, this process is something that scientists have not yet been able to scale-up for it to be commercially usable.
As part of a new study, however, a team of Canadian researchers has come forward with plans to develop a functional nuclear fusion prototype plant by the year 2030. Scientists from the University of Saskatchewan, the University of Alberta, Sylvia Fedoruk Canadian Centre for Nuclear Innovation and a few other companies have submitted a new report, known as Fusion 2030, which outlines the steps that need to be followed for humans to be able to harness the power of nuclear fusion sufficiently. Speaking about the findings, Michael Delage of General Fusion said: